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The Outreach and Education function engages, empowers and educates the Second District communities that the Bank serves, especially civic leaders, students, educators, small business owners, policymakers and the general public. It furthers the Bank's commitment to the region by listening to the communities we serve and leveraging our unique attributes to positively impact school and university programs, as well as analysis and research.
The May 2015 Empire State Manufacturing Survey indicates that business conditions improved slightly for New York manufacturers. The headline general business conditions index climbed four points to 3.1. The new orders index rose ten points to 3.9, and the shipments index was little changed at 14.9. Labor market indicators pointed to a small increase in employment levels but a slight decline in the average workweek. The prices paid index fell ten points to 9.4, its lowest level in nearly three years, and the prices received index edged down to 1.0, indicating that selling prices were flat. The index for future general business conditions fell noticeably, reflecting a positive but less favorable outlook than in April.
The May general business conditions index advanced four points but, at 3.1, indicated that business conditions were only slightly better over the month. Thirty percent of respondents reported that conditions had improved, while 27 percent reported that conditions had worsened. The new orders index, positive for the first time since February, rose ten points to 3.9, indicating a small increase in orders. The shipments index was little changed at 14.9, suggesting that shipments continued to grow at a solid clip. The unfilled orders index, at -11.5, also remained close to last month’s level. The delivery time index fell to -10.4—a sign that delivery times shortened—and the inventories index rose to 7.3, pointing to an increase in inventory levels.
Price Indexes Fall
The indexes for both prices paid and prices received were lower this month. The prices paid index dropped ten points to 9.4, its lowest level in nearly three years, indicating that input price increases slowed. The prices received index retreated three points to 1.0, suggesting that selling prices were flat. Labor market conditions pointed to a small increase in employment but a slight dip in the length of the average workweek: the index for number of employees fell four points to 5.2, while the average workweek index, though up two points, remained negative at -2.1.
The index for future general business conditions fell seven points to 29.8, suggesting a positive but less favorable outlook than last month. The future new orders index held steady at 33.9, and the index for future shipments was little changed at 31.8. All three of these indexes remain well below the levels seen throughout most of 2014. Both indexes for future prices fell, indicating that price increases were expected to be somewhat less widespread in the months ahead. The index for future employment fell six points, but at 16.7, it still suggested that employment levels were expected to rise. The capital expenditures index declined nine points to 15.6, and the technology spending index fell to 1.0.
Participants from across the state in
a variety of industries respond to a questionnaire and
report the change in a variety of indicators from the
previous month. Respondents also state the likely direction
of these same indicators six months ahead. April 2002
is the first report, although survey data date back
to July 2001.
The survey is sent on the first day of each month to
the same pool of about 200 manufacturing executives
in New York State, typically the president or CEO. About
100 responses are received. Most are completed by the
tenth, although surveys are accepted until the fifteenth.
Respondents come from a wide range of industries from
across the New York State. No one industry dominates
the respondent pool.
The survey's main index, general business conditions, is not a weighted average of other indicators—it is a distinct question posed on the survey.
Each index is seasonally adjusted when stable seasonality is detected.
Each January, all data undergo a benchmark revision
to reflect new seasonal factors.
The Empire State Manufacturing Survey seasonally adjusts data based on the Census X-12 additive procedure utilizing a logistic transformation.
The "increase" and "decrease" percentage
components of the diffusion indexes are each tested
for seasonality separately and adjusted accordingly
if such patterns exist. If no seasonality is detected,
the component is left unadjusted. The "no change"
component contains the residual, computed by subtracting
the (adjusted) increase and decrease from 100. Seasonal
factors are forecast in December for the upcoming year.
Data are adjusted using a logistic transformation.
The not-seasonally adjusted series, expressed in decimal
form (referred to as "p"), is transformed
using the following equation:
X = log(p/(1-p))
The seasonal factor is then subtracted from X:
adjX = X - seasonal factor
The result is then transformed using the following
SA Series = exponential(adjX)/(1+exponential(adjX))
To view the Seasonal Factors data, please click on the “Data & Charts” tab.