Staff Reports
An Empirical Study of Trade Dynamics in the Fed Funds Market
February 2012  Number 550
JEL classification: E42, E44, G21

Authors: Gara Afonso and  Ricardo Lagos

We use minute-by-minute daily transaction-level payments data to document the cross-sectional and time-series behavior of the estimated prices and quantities negotiated by commercial banks in the fed funds market. We study the frequency and volume of trade, the size distribution of loans, the distribution of bilateral fed funds rates, and the intraday dynamics of the reserve balances held by commercial banks. We find evidence of the importance of the liquidity provision achieved by commercial banks that act as de facto intermediaries of fed funds.

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